PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer: The 2018 USPSTF Recommendation Statement
Prostate Specific Antigen — Prostate cancer is one of the most difficult to discover early since it has few if any symptoms in the early stages. Prostate Specific Antigen rate form of cancer tends to be less dangerous than many other types. Mostly because it is located away from most of the organs in the body and the thickness of the tissues makes it difficult to expand rapidly.
As indicated before, when the cancer is in the early stages, there may not be any signs or symptoms that are experienced. In some cases when cancer starts to develop in the passageways that allow urine or semen Prostate Specific Antigen rate pass, the irritation or slowness of movement may be one of the first signs. Once the cancer grows larger, symptoms start to develop which includes interference with the flow of urine or semen, pain during ejaculationor a slow, growing pain that does not regress.
At this point, the cancer may be in the form of a tumor and it may have started to spread in the body. There is PSA present in the blood of all men who have a prostate gland, but the level is usually quite low. Healthy men with no cancer or other issues with their prostate have a low amount of PSA present in their blood stream. However, when the prostate grows larger, the amount will increase and when it reaches a certain level will be considered high enough to cause further examination.
Prostate glands will grow larger for a few reasons which include the presence of cancer which includes injury, a rectal exam that was performed digitally, or sexual activity that includes ejaculation. If there has not been any sexual activity, Prostate Specific Antigen rate rectal exam, or injury to the prostate, then further examination becomes warranted.
In addition, there are medical conditions which will cause the prostate to grow as well, including prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH. So, a biopsy of the prostate will then be performed to detect the presence of cancer cells. So, an increase in the levels of prostate specific antigen is not actually cancer detection, but instead an increase in the size of the prostate with cancer being a possibility. Still, a PSA blood test is considered one of Prostate Specific Antigen rate standard means of detecting cancer in the prostate.
As men grow older, the level of PSA present in their blood also increases, although there is some controversy over the use of age-specific charts.
Some doctors prefer a single chart while others Prostate Specific Antigen rate a chart that lists what is normal PSA level by age. When using age as the basis of a prostate cancer PSA test, the normal amount for a man in his 40s is a maximum of 2. However, there is considerable variation within the ranges and it is possible that some men have little to no PSA detectable in their bodies.
Plus, there may be natural increases in the PSA levels, but not reaching the maximum as indicated by the charts. Add to this that other factor may be causing the PSA levels to rise and the need for secondary tests becomes apparent.
One secondary test that can be used to confirm whether cancer is present is called a Free PSA test. This is a blood test that does not attach to the proteins in the blood stream. The results of this blood test for prostate cancer are read in the opposite means compared to the standard test. So, the lower the Prostate Specific Antigen rate PSA percentage, the greater the likelihood that he has cancer in the prostate. The PSA range for prostate cancer is not exact but rather indicated by a rise in the levels of the prostate specific antigen from previous tests.
Or, if the levels well exceed the maximum range as denoted by the age of the men who are taking the test. This means that the PSA test results interpretation will need to be based on known factors, the age of the person in question, and perhaps combined with a family history to warrant further examinations.
Sinceit is recommended that men who are 50 and above get the prostate specific antigen test on an annual basis. However, if they are African-American or have a family history of prostate cancer, then they should start getting tested at the age of Since prostate cancer can affect all men, regardless of family history, regular screenings are advised if only because the test itself is non-invasive and simple to perform. Prostate cancer in men under the age of 50 is relatively rare. However, men who have a family history of cancer at this age or show other risk factors should be screened.
Otherwise, men who are in their 50s should take the PSA test and if the levels are higher than normal, receive the free PSA to confirm the presence of cancer in the prostate.
At this Prostate Specific Antigen rate, consultation with your doctor about potential treatments should be a top priority. Plus, remember that no treatment is an option as well depending on the results of the tests and any further testing that is done. Image Source — Sdradiosurgery. The rate for survival depends, like most cancers, on when it is discovered.
This means that early detection of the cancer offers a very high survival rate for men. This is mostly because the cancer Prostate Specific Antigen rate limited to the prostate gland which is well away from most other organs in Prostate Specific Antigen rate body. However, if the cancer should spread to other areas of the body, the survival rate drops considerably. The exact percentage cannot be measured individually because it depends on several factors.
It should be noted that early detection of cancer in the prostate using a serum PSA test does not actually affect the survival rate depending on the circumstances. The PSA test results interpretation will have to be based on factors that are individual to the person being tested.
This is because the tissues of the prostate gland are thick which makes it difficult for the cancerous tumors to grow. In addition, the nature of the cancer itself may make it slow to Prostate Specific Antigen rate as well.
In fact, biopsies are not without risk as they may cause pain, bleeding, and even a serious infection to develop depending on the location. For men who have reached an advanced age, it may be a better choice to not treat the cancer at all.
When compared to other tests which are used to detect cancer in the prostate, the PSA is quite effective. In addition, the prostate specific Prostate Specific Antigen rate test is easy to Prostate Specific Antigen rate, verify and allows the doctor and patient to discuss options about treatment. Previous prostate test to verify the presence of cancer have been invasive and in some cases, causes side effects which may be more problematic than the cancer itself. The bottom line is that over the past two decades a considerable amount of information has been Prostate Specific Antigen rate about prostate cancer and its treatment.
What was once considered as dangerous as other forms of cancer are now regarded in a different light. This means that care must be taken when a prostate specific antigen test is taken that men do not overreact to the results. In many cases, especially those in which the man who is diagnosed in well into his 70s or older, the presence of a cancerous tumor in the prostate may be nothing to worry about at all.
However, every man who undergoes the test should speak with their doctor about Prostate Specific Antigen rate options that are available. The decision about what to do when the prostate specific antigen levels have risen which might indicate the presence of cancer. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
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