Understanding Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia hy-per-play-see-ahor BPH, is a non-cancerous enlargement or growth of the prostate gland. As the prostate surrounds the top part of the urethra the farmaci per BPH passage between farmaci per BPH bladder and the tip of the peniswhen your prostate grows, it makes the urethra narrower and puts pressure on the base of the bladder. This can affect the passing of urine in a number of ways. Although it can be uncomfortable, your doctor should be able to recommend treatments that help.
The male sex hormone farmaci per BPH makes the prostate grow in size. Farmaci per BPH you get older, the prostate grows larger. At puberty, your testosterone levels start to increase, and the prostate farmaci per BPH to about eight times its size. It continues to grow, doubling in size between the ages of 21 and 50, and almost doubles again farmaci per BPH the ages of 50 and BPH is more common when you get older, usually starting after 40 years of age and affecting nearly all men at some time in their lives.
BPH usually becomes more of a problem over time, with symptoms getting worse if left untreated. If you have BPH, you might not have any noticeable symptoms. However, a common symptom is a change to your urination, because BPH affects the part of the prostate that surrounds the top part of the urethra.
Lower urinary tract symptoms LUTS is a common term used to describe a range of urination symptoms. It can be hard to start urinating, or the flow slows to a farmaci per BPH. Other symptoms include urgent, frequent and painful urination. Farmaci per BPH doctor will probably ask for your personal and family medical history and a description of your symptoms.
They might also give farmaci per BPH a physical examination and take blood or urine farmaci per BPH. A biopsy a small surgery that removes tissue samples to study or ultrasound might be needed to check whether the problem is BPH, prostate cancer or prostatitis. But remember, BPH is more likely to be the cause than prostate cancer. If your symptoms are mild, it might be best not to have any treatment, as treatment side effects can affect your quality of life more than your initial symptoms prior to treatment.
There are medicines that can help if you have mild to moderate symptoms. If your symptoms are moderate to severe, there are a number farmaci per BPH surgery options with varying risks and benefits.
Farmaci per BPH BPH can affect your relationships, it can help to include your family or partner in the treatment process. But we do know that lifestyle changes can help to stop the symptoms getting worse, and might even help to improve things. You could think about:. Have you had problems or changes to urinating? How would you describe these problems? You are here Mens health. Prostate enlargement BPH.
What is prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia? What makes my prostate grow? How common is BPH? What causes BPH? Older age and testosterone are both linked with BPH, but might not be the cause. We do know that BPH only happens when testosterone is present. What are the symptoms of BPH? If you're farmaci per BPH any of these symptoms, the best thing to do is to visit your doctor. How is BPH diagnosed? What treatments are there for BPH?
Can I do anything to prevent BPH? You farmaci per BPH think about: Reducing or cutting out caffeine and alcohol, which irritate the bladder Avoiding things that make you constipated Reducing your weight Controlling diabetes and blood pressure Quitting smoking Increasing exercise. What treatment options are available for BPH? What are the risks or potential side-effects associated with treatments for BPH? Things to think about before your appointment Have you had problems or changes to urinating?
Have you ever had a urine infection? How much do your symptoms bother you? Do you have a family history of prostate troubles? Clinical summary guide Prostate disease clinical summary guide 7. Download PDF. Information guide Prostate enlargement information guide. Fact sheet Prostate enlargement BPH fact sheet. Video What is the prostate?
Video Prostate enlargement BPH.